“Ottowa W. Gurley knew he would never be a success in the Jim Crow South. Born on Christmas Day 1868 to freed slaves in Huntsville, Alabama, he grew up in Pine Bluff, Arkansas where he was largely self-educated. Gurley married his childhood sweetheart, Emma, became a teacher, and then took a relatively cushy job with the U.S. Postal Service—but he dreamed of a better life in America. Along with his new bride, Gurley risked everything to join a stampede of homesteaders seeking freedom, opportunity and wealth in the Great Oklahoma Land Rush.”
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- Black Wall Street After the Tulsa Race Riot: Trailblazing a New Pathway Into the Future,” by Diamond-Michael Scott (September 12, 2022)
- Oklahoma Hall of Fame Induction Ceremony on November 18, 2021
- Black Wall Street Yesterday, Today & and Tomorrow
- Enslavement to Emancipation–Toward a More Perfect Union.